Doha, which means literally “the big tree”, is the capital city of Qatar. Founded in 1850, this small fishing harbour grown up through pearl fishing, an activity that has greatly influenced the art and the building architecture in the city. Doha is located on the coast of the Persian Gulf; it is the biggest city and the economic center of the country, where more than 80% of Qatar’s population is living (including the inner suburbs).
Doha provides a rich mix of culture and architecture – that can particularly be discovered at the Museum of Islamic Art, an architectural jewel designed by Ieoh Ming Pei – landscapes, as in the desert, which offers the possibility to meet the silence and the falconers training there. It is an ancestral art that has become a sport.
Major international sports events are regularly taking place in the city such as the 2006 Asian Games and the Doha tennis Open. The city is currently preparing to host several games of the 2022 Football World Cup organized by Qatar.
Numerous international conferences are held in Doha. For instance, the city hosted the first meeting of the Doha Round for the development of the trade negotiations of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001, the Summit on Climate Change in 2012 and the 38th session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO in 2014.