Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Kingdom of Morocco. He held previous positions such as Minister Delegate to the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Ambassador, Chief of Cabinet of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation. Prior to that, he served as General Director of Multilateral Relations and Global Cooperation Directorate. He also held the position of Director of the United Nations and International Organizations Directorate. His diplomatic career includes postings to Austria and Belgium (1995-2000 and 2002-2003). He graduated from the Faculty of Law, Economics and Social Studies, Rabat.