President and founder of Pax Africana, Foundation for peace and development in Africa. He was Secretary-General of the OAU, Organization of African Unity, now the African Union (1978-1983). He served twice as Prime Minister of Togo (1994-1996 and 2005-2006). He also served as Governor of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) (1967-1973) and Governor of the African Development Bank (AfDB) (1973-1976). He graduated from ENA (Ecole Nationale d’Administration).