Professor of History and Political Anthropology, Institute of African Studies, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco. He is currently a professor of Master’s Saharan Studies, as well as a doctoral supervisor at the Mohammed V University and Director of Africa and Middle East Centre Studies. In 2014, he became Associate Fellow at the Royal Institute for Strategic Studies, Rabat, Morocco, and consultant on African and Middle East issue and strategic studies for national and international institutions, Moroccan and foreign media. He began his teaching career in 1992 as a Research Professor at Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah University in Fez. He holds a doctorate in African Studies from the Mohammed V University in Rabat.