2008 Conference proceedings

09:30 – 10:15 | Opening session

Presentation of the World Policy Conference

Thierry De Montbrial

President and founder of Ifri. President and founder of the WPC

The elaboration of a global capitalist system that is both efficient and fair is at stake.

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François Fillon

Prime Minister of the French Republic

But beyond institutional reforms, states must regain a central role in orientation and initiative.

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10:15 – 12:30 | Plenary session 1

HRH Prince Turki Al-Faisal

Chairman of King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies

Energy is an important issue between us as the developing countries and other countries that have, as the President of Estonia said, this petro-addiction.

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Jaap De Hoop Scheffer

Secretary-General of NATO

If the challenges are multi-dimensional, so must be our institutional response. Civilian and military institutions must work together and complement each other.

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Toomas Hendrik Ilves

President of the Republic of Estonia

When we want to achieve peace and harmony, the EU has to stand up as a union.

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Mario Monti

President of the Bocconi University of Milan

I think that if there has to be more state intervention in the European Union, it’s quite crucial that it happens at the community level rather than at the national level.

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Raila Amolo Odinga

Prime Minister of the Republic of Kenya

It is a paradox that the continent richest in resources is also the poorest. It is a paradox that must be reversed, for the good of all.

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Hans Gert Pöttering

President of the European Parliament

Intercultural Dialogue must become an integral part of our policy-making.

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Debates

13:00 – 15:00 | Parallel lunch-debates

15:30 – 17:00 | Parallel Workshops

Workshop #1 – United States: what does the world expect from the “indispensable nation”?

Han Sung-Joo

Chairman of the Asian Institute for Policy Studies. Former Foreign Minister of the Republic of Korea

At the same time, as different means of communication become more readily available and extensive, public consciousness spreads in conjunction with the expanding horizon of information.

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Marshall Goldmann

Professor of Russian Economics (Emeritus) at Wellesley College, Former Associate Director of the Davis Center for Russian Studies at Harvard University

One of the most attractive aspects of the US is that even after 225 years, the US still encourages economic and social mobility.

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Jim Hoagland

Columnist and Senior Foreign Correspondent for The Washington Post

What the world seems to await is better American leadership, not its elimination.

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Etienne de Durand

Director of IFRI’s Security Studies Center

As such, America is key to the international security architecture, and continued American engagement is needed in most parts of the world.

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Workshop #2 – Japan : what power, what strategies ?

Yukio Satoh

Former Ambassador to the United Nations. Head of the Japan Institute for International Affairs

The center of gravity of the world economy is shifting to Asia, but security conditions in Asia remain unsettled.

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Valérie Niquet

Director of the Asia Centre at IFRI

The relationship with China is today undoubtedly the most structuring one for the Japanese foreign strategy in its entirety.

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Workshop #3 – Is Europe with 27 and more member sustainable?

Kemal Dervis

Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Europe must be a bridge between the necessary answers to democratic aspirations and the concerns of its citizens.

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Yusuf Wanandi

Co-Founder, Member of the Board of Trustees, and Senior Fellow, Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) at Jakarta

Due to the financial crisis and the economic downturn in the EU, the process of integration has become more constrained.

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Michel Foucher

Former Ambassador to Latvia. Ex-Director of CAP

On a world scale, the EU functions as an economic and monetary center and as a successful laboratory of regional integration.

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Hans Stark and Kerry Longhurst

KL: Fellow at IFRI, specialist in European Security issues; HS: General Secretary of the Study Committee for Franco-German Relations (Cerfa) at IFRI

Enlargement fatigue means that there is not a desperate sense of urgency to bring in the states of the western Balkans, to confront the Turkish question more squarely nor to begin discussing the prospect of Ukrainian membership.

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Workshop #4 – An arc of crisis from Iraq to Pakistan

Volker Perthes

Director of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs and Chairman and Director of the Board of SWP

Different approaches are needed for Afghanistan and Pakistan, the Persian Gulf region, and the Arab-Israeli theatre.

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Shireen Hunter

Visiting Professor at Georgetown University, Distinguished Scholar at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C.

Problems in this region and most especially in the three countries of Afghanistan, Iraq and Pakistan have roots both in recent developments, actions of the governments of the countries and key international players and events, and policies going back to decades earlier.

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Marc Hecker

Research fellow at IFRI, Department of Security Studies

The arc of crisis from Iraq to Pakistan cannot be stabilized without the involvement of regional powers.

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Workshop #5 – Which governance for which stability?

K. Shankar Bajpai

Former India’s Ambassador to Pakistan, China, and the United States, Chairman of the Delhi Policy Group

In such a global situation perhaps the greatest contribution each state can make to the common, continuous search for stability in the international system is to ensure effective governance within itself.

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Jean-Marie Guéhenno

Member of the United Nation’s Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on disarmament matters

What is new, and could change the threat is combination of WMD and terrorism.

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Marie-Christine Dupuis-Danon

International Consultant, Expert in Criminal Finance, Former Expert, Laundering of criminal money, UN Office for Crime Prevention

Because of the complexity and the diversity of matters, transparency is one of the most important issues.

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Laurence Nardon

Research fellow and the manager of the Space Policy Programme at IFRI

The base is for all countries to accept different religions and languages as well as to respect human dignity.

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Workshop #6 – The economy of knowledge, or education, still deserves an effort

Bertrand Collomb

Honorary Chairman of Lafarge. Chairman of Board of Directors of Ifri

Successful innovation models also require collaborative work between the public and the private sector, as evidenced by the financing of American universities.

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Anatoly Torkunov

Rector of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Science

Social role of education is strongly linked with sustainable development of nations, especially those who are under transition.

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Susanne Nies

Head of IFRI office in Brussels, senior research fellow with the IFRI governance and geopolitics of energy programme

The workshop has been dedicated to the issue how to generate, but exploit as well the new technologies in order to improve the knowledge economy.

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Workshop #7 – Credit crisis, financial crisis, economic crisis: what to do?

André Lévy-Lang

Associate Professor Emeritus, Paris-Dauphine University. Member of the Advisory Council of l’Institut de l’entreprise

The first policy change that is needed after this crisis is a revision of the scope of banking regulations in every major country, beginning with the United States.

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Gikas A. Hardouvelis

Professor at the Department of Banking and Financial Management, University of Piraeus, Greece

The current international financial crisis cannot be blamed on a single underlying cause but on the interaction of many different factors.

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Jacques Mistral

Head of Economic Research at IFRI

The recent financial turmoil has also brought into sharp relief the need to rethink many aspects of financial regulation and supervision.

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Françoise Nicolas; Eliane Mosse

Economist, Senior researcher at the Centre Asie of IFRI; Economist, advisor at IFRI for the Franco-Austrian Center for european convergence

One can also fear that in a climate of increasing poverty and unemployment, political radicalisation might occur, and jeopardize the way democracies operate.

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Workshop #8 – Regulation of migrations, a world issue

Mohammed Bedjaoui

Former Foreign Minister of Algeria

It must be noted however, that despite all its impact, positive or negative, migration largely has so far escaped the influence of international institutions capable of regulating it.

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Christophe Bertossi

Head of the “Migrations, Identities, Citizenship” Programme at IFRI

The objective should not be the militarization of borders but a common international effort to control and structure global migration according to the needs of all parties.

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Workshop #9 – Is the Gold becoming an arc of hope?

Henry Siegman

President of the “U.S./Middle East Project” (USMEP). Research professor at the Sir Joseph Hotung Middle East Programme of the University of London

Peace initiatives that seek an agreement on the cheap, and refuse to pay the price demanded by these fundamentals cannot succeed.

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Khadija Moshen-Finan

Head of the North African Programme at IFRI

The expression “Arc of Hope” is opposed to that of “”Arc of Crisis”” formed by countries like Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

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20:00 – 22:30 | Dinner-debate

Pascal Lamy

Director-General of the World Trade Organization

The only way to make sure that emerging economies feel a shared responsibility is to acknowledge the new geo-political balance.

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10:00 – 12:30 | Plenary session 2

Abdoulaye Wade

President of the Republic of Senegal

As a liberal-minded individual, I feel that human beings always have what it takes to overcome the difficulties, the outcome will of course depend on how we deal with the crisis, but we, in my view, have what it takes to overcome it.

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Juan Manuel Gomez-Robledo

Representative of the President of the United Mexican States

Latin America remains the cultural reservoir of the West. It is not acceptable that the region once again be the object of economic and political envy of the major powers, especially if a form of new Cold War might return.

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Nambaryn Enkhbayar

President of the Republic of Mongolia

Geographically we live in different time zones, culturally or according to our religions – in different time ages. However in terms of development and good governance we have to live in one time zone, at the same age, that is in the 21st century.

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Stepan Mesic

President of the Republic of Croatia

After a war everybody is a loser! That is why I have continuously been making the same point: it is better to negotiate for ten years than to wage war for ten days.

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SaKong Il

Personal Representative of the President of the Republic of Korea

All countries in the world should make every effort to take full advantage of merits of globalization, while minimizing its downsides. A strengthened international financial architecture suitable to the changed global environment will be critically important as a basis for such efforts.

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Debates

13:00 – 15:00 | Parallel lunch-debates

15:30 – 17:00 | Parallels Workshops and a non plenary roundtable

Workshop #1 – Russia: domestic developments and external policies

Marshall Goldman

Professor of Russian Economics, Emeritus at Wellesley College

Unlike what happened during the Bush Administration, the Obama Administration’s policies are likely to be less threatening to Russia, yet the personal chemistry between Obama and Putin, and Medvedev and Obama, will be much cooler. It will be fascinating to see which combination produces the most cooperation between both countries.

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Sergey Karaganov

Chairman of the Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy

The habitual politically correct clichés will not help to improve the situation and build a new world. Meanwhile, the time is coming for creation.

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Anatoly V. Torkunov

Rector of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University)

Russia is a fully participating member of the international community. The UN and not NATO is defining the international “rules of the game”. The conflicts along the Russian borders are more or less settled. However, the influence in this region is split between several actors.

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Adrian Dellecker

Researcher at IFRI

For Sergei Karaganov, the main issue is clearly the US’s loss of status as sole superpower as fait accompli and the ramification this has for Europe-Russia relations.

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Workshop #2 – China: domestic developments and assertion of power

Yusuf Wanandi

Co-founder, vice chairman of the Board of Trustees and senior fellow of the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Foundation, Jakarta

The EU, like ASEAN, continues to be an elitist concept and has not become the concern of the general populace. The people feel that they are left out of the process.

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Valérie Niquet

Director of the Asia Centre at IFRI

For Tokyo, beyond the vital importance granted to the American defender, and it is a position of foreign policy of which Japan wants to make its mark, multilateral structures, including a reformed UNO in which Japan, with others, would find its full place, must remain a priority.

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Workshop #3 – India: regional power and/or world actor?

Jean-Luc Racine

CNRS Senior Fellow at the Centre for Indian and South Asian Studies (CEIAS), at the School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS Paris)

India is inventing her own way to be a democracy adjusting caste to competitive politics.

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Brahma Chellaney

Professor of Strategic Studies at the New Delhi-based Centre for Policy Research

While we know the world is in transition, we still do not know what the new order will look like.

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K. Shankar Bajpai

Chairman of India’s National Security Board and Chairman of the Delhi Policy Group

We are becoming more aware of the world around us, of the challenges and the opportunities our increasing economic and military capabilities as well as our national needs, give rise to.

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Olivier Louis

Researcher at IFRI in charge of the India and South Asia Programme, and of the French Presidency of the European Union Programme

As such, India should find its rightful place amongst the others world powers.

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Workshop #4 – Sub-Saharan Africa: implosion or takeoff?

William Zartman

Professor at The Johns Hopkins University in Washington

Africa militated for independence—that is, self-government or government of one’s self by one’s self for one’s self— when it shook loose colonial rule beginning half a century ago.

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Robert Glasser

Secretary General of CARE International

For every dollar invested in disaster risk reduction and preparedness, roughly seven dollars are saved in disaster response.

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Alain Antil

Head of IFRI’s Sub-Saharan Africa program

In the next four decades, African societies will change drastically, massive geographical mobility is expected, and Africans will become predominantly urban.

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Workshop #5 – Israel/Palestine, a crucial international issue: what commitments for external actors?

Amine Gemayel

Former President of the libanese republic

Cooperation between the Lebanese State and the Palestinian Authority is not directed against any particular faction, but it is in the interest of all Palestinians and all Lebanese people.

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Henry Siegman

President of the “U.S./Middle East Project” (USMEP). Research professor at the Sir Joseph Hotung Middle East Programme of the University of London

Yet, for all that has changed, the Gulf countries cannot do without a U.S. security umbrella, for they have not developed the capacity to provide for their own security.

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Shlomo Avineri

Professor of Political Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Recognizing the limits of US power to broker a peace agreement in the Middle East doesn’t mean it is irrelevant.

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Bassma Kodmani

Executive Director of the Arab Reform Initiative

With other challenges building in the Middle East and elsewhere, it is all the more important to reassert the centrality of the Israel-Palestine conflict.

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Workshop #6 – Energy and climate: what diplomatic challenges?

Thomas Becker

Deputy Permanent Secretary in the department of International Policy and Climate change in the Danish Ministry of Climate and Energy

The world is facing two very interlinked challenges: Climate Change and Energy security.

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Bruno Weymuller

Advisor to the Chief Executive Officer of Total

Climate and energy issues represent major challenges. Awareness is growing of the need for international action but we must act intelligently.

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William C. Ramsay

Director of the IFRI Energy program. Former Deputy Executive Director of the International Energy Agency

Despite the advantages of a global approach, the divergent interests of too many actors can well lead to a multiplication of compromises and a dilution of objectives.

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Workshop #7 – World food crisis

Hervé Gaymard

Member of the French parliament

It is in the South, particularly in Africa, that the question of what to do to make agriculture once again be a priority is being asked, and everyone should unite for this agricultural priority in the South countries.

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François Danel

Executive Director of “ACF: Action contre la Faim”

Although many countries are seriously affected by the food crisis, most of the affected children are still not treated.

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Aline Leboeuf

Head of the programme “Health and Environment” at IFRI

Hunger is a health issue, and has to be recognized as such. Solutions also are medical, especially regarding the fight against children malnutrition.

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Workshop #8 – Non plenary roundtable

Mohammed Bedjaoui

Former Minister of Algeria

Competence and transparency are the two fruitful teats of good governance.

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Han Sung-Joo

Chairman of the Asan Institute for Policy Studies. Former Foreign Minister of the Republic of Korea

Even as security issues of both conventional and non-traditional nature continues to be relevant, new issues, such as environment, competition for resources, human rights, humanitarian crises, economy, and social well-being become increasingly important and relevant.

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Igor S. Ivanov

Professor at the Moscow State Institute for International Relations (MGIMO). Former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation

Old pattern of relations are coming to a logical end, we need the new one. We have, all in all, a chance to reinvent the world, comfortable for us all.

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Hubert Védrine

Former French Foreign Minister

Westerners are discovering that they are losing, not their power and wealth which remain immense, but their monopoly. And the Western powers are not ready for that.

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17:15 – 18:45 | Plenary session 3

Kemal Dervis

Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Six months ago it was thought that despite the financial crisis economic growth would still hold. But now it is clear that we are in the midst of a crisis in which the adverse repercussions on the real economy are even more significant than anticipated.

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Jean-Claude Trichet

President of the European Central Bank

What makes the current crisis stand out is its extraordinarily large scale, the fact that it is hitting right at the centre of the international financial system and that it is deeply affecting industrialised countries.

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Debates

20:00 – 23:00 | Official dinner

09:00 – 12:00 | Plenary session 4

Christophe De Margerie

Chief executive officer of Total

Yet climate change is being announced everywhere as being the priority, simply because what is at stake is the survival of the planet. Remember that there won’t be any more financial crisis if the planet disappears.

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Pascal Couchepin

President of the Swiss Confederation

I think confidence has to be built over time. And I believe that if there is a positive lesson to be learnt from this crisis, there will be just one lesson, that is, that it will force statesmen over the world whatever their colour to be responsible and to act in a sustainable manner, to make promises that they can keep.

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Boris Tadic

President of the Republic of Serbia

By working together to solve the UDI crisis, we can restore the trust and reaffirm the legitimacy of the UN Charter and the international legal regime that flows from it. This is a time for strategic thinking and bold ideas.

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Thierry De Montbrial

President and founder of IFRI. President and founder of the WPC.

The future rules of the game will only be legitimate if they have been designed with the participation of everybody. One of the drawbacks of the current form of governance is that all its rules have been defined by a very small part of the planet.

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12:00 – 13:15 | Closing session

Dmitry Medvedev

President of Russia

Historically, Russia is part of European civilization and for us, as Europeans, it matters a lot what values will shape the future world.

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Nicolas Sarkozy

President of the French Republic

Between us, then, we must rebuild trust, the prerequisite for reviving an ambitious European-Russian partnership.

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Thierry De Montbrial

President and founder of IFRI. President and founder of the WPC.

One of the drawbacks of the current form of governance is that all its rules have been defined by a very small part of the planet.

2009 Conference proceedings

19:30 | Cocktail

20:30 | Dinner debate

Thierry De Montbrial

President and Founder of the WPC

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Nambaryn Enkhbayar

Former President of Mongolia

Il est primordial que la réunion sur la politique mondiale soit un lieu où les petits pays comme la Mongolie ont voix au chapitre, car nous savons désormais que les grandes entreprises et les grands pays ne peuvent pas résoudre tous les problèmes.

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Debates

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8:30 – 9:30 | Opening session

His Majesty King Mohammed VI

King of Morocco

Ensuring peace and stability requires genuine governance based on justice and discipline.

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Thierry De Montbrial

President and Founder of the WPC

Until all world powers are included in the way we deal with issues like the economic downturn, trade and climate change, our institutions will lack the richness and legitimacy necessary for dealing with today’s challenges.

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Kofi Annan

7th Secretary-General of the United Nations

If we fail to adapt our coordination structures to a world that is changing rapidly, and even too rapidly, we will experience systemic crises the likes of which the recent economic and financial crisis would only be a preview of things to come.

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9:30 – 11:00 | Plenary session 1

Architecture of Political Governance”

Nambaryn Enkhbayar

Former President of Mongolia

There should be performance criteria based on the quality of life we are trying to reach together.

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Han Seung-Soo

Former Prime Minister of Republic of Korea

What is certain is that the Bretton Woods Institutions that have come into being since the end of the Second World War need a drastic revitalization, if not a complete form.

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Hubert Védrine

Former French Foreign Minister

If Europeans were able to get beyond their own navel-gazing, they would organise themselves within the G20 to manage the change, which will be painful for them but which is inevitable.

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Robert Blackwill

Senior Fellow & Senior Advisor to the President, RAND Corporation

The great powers need to work much harder to find strategic convergence on the preeminent problems that face the international system.

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Debates

11:00 – 11:30 | Coffee break

11:30 – 12:45 | Plenary session 2

“Macro-economic Governance”

Fathallah Oualalou

President, Commune Urbaine de Rabat

The new macro-economic governance, the result of a new balance of power between the State and the market, is gradually becoming more varied in form.

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Arkady Dvorkovich

Sherpa to President Dmitry Medvedev

The important thing is not to avoid imbalances altogether but to have manageable imbalances that can be sustained and financed, where dangerous developments can be monitored and risks can be tackled before they lead to another crisis.

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Yoichi Otabe

Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs. G8 Sherpa, Japan

To be realistic, the wisdom of the G7 and the OECD lies in their introduction and strengthening of this “peer review” mechanism.

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Wolfgang Munchau

Director of Eurointelligence Adviser Limited

Ultimately, when we have a process that is ad hoc and intergovernmental, we do not get agreement on what needs to be done, but only on what can be agreed.

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Jacques Mistral

Head of Economic Research at Ifri

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Debates

12:45 – 15:00 | Lunch debate

Thierry De Montbrial

President and Founder of the WPC

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Han Seung-Soo

Former Prime Minister of Republic of Korea

Like the travelers and explorers of the old world, let us cultivate a taste of learning. Let us take a sincere interest in and show a real curiosity about others.

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Debates

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15:00 – 16:15 | Plenary session 3

“The future of capitalism”

Lionel Zinsou

Chairman and CEO of PAI partners

If there is one idea about this crisis that has been particularly wrong but remains tenacious, it is the idea that excessive financialisation of the economy was the root cause of the crisis.

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Tommaso Padoa-Schioppa

Former Italian Minister of Economy and Finance

What has failed in the crisis is not the system in which individuals or firms pursue their self-interest, but a version of it in which they pursued self-interest without the framework of rules and public action which are indispensible to achieving that miracle.

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Jeffry Frieden

Professor at Harvard University’s Department of Government

An open international economic order requires systematic, purposive, concerted cooperation among national governments.

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Debates

16:15 – 16:45 | Coffee break

16:45 – 18:15 | Plenary session 4

“Energy and Climate”

Richard Bradley

Senior Manager for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency at the IEA

No single government will have the capacity to produce the range of technologies which will be required to “green” the range of economic sectors that emit GHGs.

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Anil Razdan

Former Power Secretary, Government of India

Energy, which is a prime mover of development and poverty alleviation, has to be available, affordable, reliable, and sustainable.

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Manoelle Lepoutre

Director of Sustainable Development and Environment, TOTAL

It is also important to work with the public authorities to make the solution acceptable to the citizen and to ensure there is both a real incentive and a framework to ensure that industrialists who create emissions and those who have the skills to store them in the ground work together.

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William Ramsay

Director of the Ifri Energy Program

We have heard a great deal of talk of how low energy intensity is working nicely, economies are being de-intensified and using a lot less energy per 2 000 hours of GDP etc. However, carbon emissions are just not dropping.

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Debates

18:15 – 18:45 | Mini-session 1

“Migrations”

Pierre Morel

Special Representative for Central Asia and for the Crisis in Georgia, EU

The traditional phenomenon of integration, which should be the outcome of migration except in cases of circular migration, has become increasingly urgent –but it has also become increasingly difficult.

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Jean-Paul Guevara Avila

Director-General of Bilateral Relations, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Plurinational State of Bolivia

Globalization is not only a technological or communicational revolution but it is also the human mobility and the capacity of transport and the movement of persons.

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20:00 – 22:00 | Dinner debate

Thierry De Montbrial

President and Founder of the WPC

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Jean-David Levitte

Diplomatic Advisor and Sherpa to President Nicolas Sarkozy

For the first time in human history, we are confronted with global crises that threaten not only our economic future but also the future of our planet.

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Debates

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9:00 – 10:45 | Plenary session 5

“Security”

Yutaka Iimura

Special Envoy of the Government of Japan for the Middle East and Europe

This is the importance of people involved in policy decision-making understanding various regional situations and grasping these in comprehensive terms.

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Sergei Karaganov

Chairman of the Presidium of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy in Moscow

Regarding the positive component, the divide in Europe must be healed either by signing a new security treaty or by taking Russia into NATO.

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Dominique Moïsi

Special Advisor to Ifri

Within this system, as a European, I am struck by the slow pace at which we accept and assimilate the changes taking place in the world.

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Meir Sheetrit

Member of Knesset. Former Interior Minister of Israel.

Terrorism is no longer about small groups of people fighting against big powers. It involves international networks, very sophisticated and well funded, manipulating democracies and using them against themselves.

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Debates

10:45 – 11:45 | Plenary session 6

“Economic and Financial Regulations”

Jacques Mistral

Head of Economic Research at Ifri

Kemal Dervis

Vice President and Director of Global Economy and Development Program at Brookings Institution

More of the flow of capital generated by the oil-producing countries and China needs to move towards the developing and emerging countries rather than solely to America.

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Nicolas Véron

Research Fellow at Brugel, Brussels

It is not enough to have common standards: they need to be applied consistently and in a similar way; supervision needs to be consistent, as does the management of risk by the public authorities.

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Debates

11:45 – 12:15 | Coffee break

12:15 – 13:30 | Plenary session 7

“International law”

Celso Lafer

Professor of Philosophy of law at University of Sao Paulo. Former Foreign Minister of Brazil

One of the items of the present international agenda is related to the politics of identity and recognition, and this brings into question the ability of a principle such as self-determination to deal with this new challenge that affects the stability of the present-day international-state system.

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Serge Sur

Professor at University of Paris II – Panthéon Assas

As far as the mechanisms of international law are concerned, one must stress their creativity and their flexibility.

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Assia Bensalah Alaoui

Ambassador-at-Large, Kingdom of Morocco

We can only hope that “beating” people’s consciences, in the way he is pinning his hopes on, will result in producing this salutary burst of enthusiasm for better governance of a much fairer and more equitable system, one which has still to be developed.

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Debates

13:30 – 15:30 | Lunch debate

Thierry De Montbrial

President and Founder of the WPC

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Amr Moussa

Secretary-General of the League of Arab States

The Arab world has to link up with the 21st century.

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Debates

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15:30 – 17:00 | Plenary session 8

“Health and Environment”

José Angel Cordova Villalobos

Health Minister of the United States of Mexico

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Cherif Rahmani

Algerian Minister for Planning, Environment, and Tourism

The path forward will be extremely long and we must choose between two strategies: a passive strategy based on a denial of responsibility and reality or an active strategy.

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Bruno Lafont

Chairman and CEO of Lafarge

Environmental protection is compatible with growth and development as long as they are planned and conducted by responsible companies.

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Thomas Wellauer

Head Corporate Affairs and Executive Member of Novartis

Most ministries of health or finance, and equally the bodies of global health governance, are measuring inputs and very little in terms of outcomes from the system.

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Debates

17:00 – 17:30 | Coffee break

17:30 – 18:45 | Plenary session 9

“Water, Agriculture and Food”

Michel Camdessus

Former Managing Director of the IMF. Honorary Governor of Banque de France

Water is local, almost by nature, because it is expensive to transport and has a high leakage rate. The strategic level is therefore the nation.

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Christian Bréchot

Vice President for Medical Scientific Affairs, Mérieux Alliance

There is a strong need to standardize surveillance data collection and analysis as well as micro-biological methods.

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Louise Fresco

Professor, University of Amsterdam

We can feed the world, even based on our current knowledge, even without using GMOs, if demand can be clearly defined and if we are able to organise markets, organise the workforce and organise inputs.

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Debates

18:45 – 19:15 | Mini-session 2

“The role of Regions in Globalization”

Jordi Pujol

Former President of the Generalitat de Catalunya

Globalisation is sparking a search for identity and a need for a reference or anchorage point.

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Moulay Driss Mdaghri

Président, Association marocaine d’intelligence économique, AMIE

The legitimate aspiration for the recognition of local cultures and the demand by various populations and their elites for greater participation and autonomy must be leveraged to drive development and progress.

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19:15 – 19:45 | Conclusions

Thierry De Montbrial

President and Founder of the WPC

The problems addressed are multi-faceted and we have to master them if we want to be constructive and effective.

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21:00 | Gala dinner

Taïeb Fassi Fihri

Minister for Foreign Affairs and Co-operation, Kingdom of Morocco

Our concern for democracy prompts us to seek a new compromise, a new global structure and better tools.

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Michael Posner

Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, USA

We need a new relationship between government and civil society. When we talk about democracy, we have to have a larger vision than just elections. We need to ask what a democratic society looks like.

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Samuel Kaplan

American Ambassador to Morocco

I would say that you need to have conferences very often, because only by coming together in this kind of venue and talking about these kinds of issues can we make progress in the world today.

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2017 Conference proceedings

9:00 – 10:00 | Opening session

Thierry de Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

Over the years the WPC has continuously stressed the importance of medium powers and the need for each State to include the structural stability of the international system and its components in formulating their own national interests.

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HM The King Mohammed VI

King of Morocco

In-depth reflection and constructive debate will certainly lead to the emergence of new ideas and fresh solutions that will further improve our countries’ development models.

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Emmanuel Macron

President of France

I could easily take on WPC’s goal as my own – thinking about ways to maintain reasonably open global governance, capable of absorbing shocks while also facilitating desirable changes

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Bartholomew 1st

Archbishop of Constantinople-New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch

We must therefore note the imperative need for dialogue in order to respond to contemporary conflicts, beyond the religious or non-religious nature of these conflicts. Dialogue is not a negotiation. Nor is it a controversy. There are no winners or losers in it.

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10:00 – 10:45 | Plenary session 1

The future of South-East Europe

Thierry de Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

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Ana Brnabić

Prime Minister of the Republic of Serbia

There is basically one key disagreement, but we are trying to find a way to discuss it and talk about it in a way that will bring us closer to a resolution, and show that we do not want to leave this for the generations that will follow.

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Edi Rama

Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania

People are no longer so frustrated and so reluctant to meet with each other, to come and go, to build business projects, to have cultural projects and so on, so it is a new way to live in the Balkans, which is fundamentally in discontinuity with our culture of living in the past.

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Panelists Debate

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10:45 – 12:00 | Plenary session 2

Investing in Africa

Jean-Michel Severino

President of Investisseurs & Partenaires

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Miriem Bensalah-Chaqroun

President of the General Confederation of Moroccan Companies (CGEM)

As investors, we see education as human capital skills. We need skilled human resources, so we can match our competitiveness and productivity.

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Christoph Beier

Vice Chair of the management board, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

I think we are at the stage to rethink and re-evaluate our joint experiences, and then to come up with a more coherent, more comprehensive, more selective, and more promising development approach.

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Mostafa Terrab

Chairman and CEO, OCP Group

Indeed, we are Arabs, we are part of MENA, but it overlooks the fact that we are fully African, and this has consequences.

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Rémy Rioux

CEO of the Agence française de développement (AFD), Chairperson of the International Development Finance Club (IDFC)

In 1900, there were 100 million Africans. Now, there are 1.2 billion. As on all continents, that will spur endogenous employment and economic growth with a speed and power no other part of the world has ever seen.

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Shinichi Kitaoka

President of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

In the recent past, I think that resourceless countries are making, generally speaking, better progress, development than resourceful countries.

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Debate

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12:00 – 12:30 | Plenary session 3

With Peter Maurer, President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Thierry de Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

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Peter Maurer

President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

Confidentiality and transparency are two different things. Transparency does not necessarily mean that everybody must know everything all the time. But accountability mechanisms must be set up.

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Debate

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12:45 – 14:30 | Lunch debate

With Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al-Thani, Minister of Foreign Affairs, State of Qatar

Thierry de Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

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Sheikh Mohammed Bin Abdulrahman Bin Jassim Al-Thani

Minister of Foreign Affairs, State of Qatar

We hope that one day, wisdom will prevail and that the countries who are trying to avoid engagement, avoid talking and addressing any of the security concerns, will understand they are our concerns too. They have to come to the table and solve the issues.

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Debate

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14:45 – 16:15 | Plenary session 4

Trends in the Middle East

Miguel Ángel Moratinos

Former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Spain

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Youssef Amrani

Chargé de mission, Royal Cabinet, Morocco

The major challenge today in our region, in the entire Arab world is to deconstruct the jihadist narrative and also to propose an alternate narrative.

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Jihad Azour

Director of the Middle East and Central Asia Department, IMF

It is important that we develop a forward-looking perspective on how things can develop in the years to come, so that we can define a certain number of actions that can have an impact and change the economic and social conditions of the people in the region.

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Stuart Eizenstat

Partner, Covington and Burling LLP

The upsurge of nationalist, populist, protectionist, anti-immigrant, anti-Muslim sentiments and the weakening of the political centre are the thread that connects Brexit, the Trump election, the rise of right-wing anti-EU parties and attitudes in the Netherlands, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Poland and Hungary.

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Renaud Girard

Senior reporter and international columnist at Le Figaro

Does the return of national feeling mean the proliferation of wars, the war of all against everyone in the Middle East?

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Odeh Aburdene

President of OAI Advisors, member of the Council on Foreign Relations

The Arab region has to combine good education, science, and technology to achieve economic growth and jobs for their young population.

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Itamar Rabinovich

President of the Israel Institute, former Ambassador to the United States, Israel

We are now in what we call the post-Arab turmoil phase. We had an Arab Spring. We then had the Arab turmoil and the foundations of several Arab states have been shaken.

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16:15 – 17:30 | Plenary session 5

Trust and truth in the digital age

Steven Erlanger

Chief Diplomatic Correspondent, Europe, New York Times

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Haïm Korsia

Chief Rabbi of France

The truth does not lie in the affirmation of one thing, but in an ethical tension between two positions, which requires finding a balance.

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Susan Liautaud

Founder and Managing Director, Susan Liautaud & Associates Limited

Technology has disempowered state institutions. Starting with the law, we see that legal systems lag very far behind technology, which is constantly changing and at an increasingly fast pace, and the law simply cannot keep up.

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Oliver Bussmann

Founder & Managing Partner at Bussmann Advisory, Zug/Switzerland, former UBS and SAP Global CIO

In the end, we are talking about significant financial benefits, such as simplification, speed and transparency, so the technology itself is a new technology of trust that the community will build and there is momentum across the region that I think is unstoppable.

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Anne-Thida Norodom

Professor of public law at the University of Rouen, France; Member of the Strategic Advisory Board of Ifri

What is at stake is sovereignty in the digital age, the idea that States can protect their laws, protect their values, by justifying the application of their national law to digital activities, knowing that American companies basically have a monopoly on those activities.

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Stefan Heumann

Member of the management board of Stiftung Neue Verantwortung (SNV)

Fake news and disinformation on the Internet have become major challenges. We need to study this problem more carefully to better understand it. Coming up with solutions won’t be easy as we need to avoid undermining freedom of speech.

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Debate

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17:30 – 18:45 | Plenary session 6

The world economy

Richard Cooper

Professor of Economics, Harvard University

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Uri Dadush

Senior Fellow, OCP Policy Center, Non-Resident Scholar, Bruegel

Protectionism in the United States is bound to be profoundly destabilising, both at home and abroad, and it is going to give a very bad example to the developing countries that we hope would be the future of our long-term prosperity.

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Kemal Dervis

Vice President and Director of Global Economy and Development, Brookings Institution, former Minister of Economic Affairs of Turkey

On the one hand, you have this booming technology innovation, and on the other hand, you have measured productivity, which in terms of GDP statistics, is actually slowing down, where growth is slower than it has been for decades.

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Jung Sung-Chun

Vice President, Department of International Macroeconomics & Finance, Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP)

The real wage growth is weak in the European economies, and that is, I think, the main barrier to the active recovery of the European economies.

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Itoh Motoshige

Emeritus Professor of University of Tokyo and Professor of Gakushuin University, former Advisor to the Prime Minister

There are many discussions about the increasing protectionism, and yes, that is a concern, but at the same time, we can still have some prospects about the increase of a free-trade regime.

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Qiao Yide

Vice Chairman & Secretary General, Shanghai Development Research Foundation

The income inequality has been reduced among different countries, but in each country, no matter whether advanced or developing, how do we solve the wide gap of income inequality?

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Debate

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18:45 – 19:45 | Plenary session 7

The future of transportation: connectivity and governance

Jim Hoagland

Contributing Editor, The Washington Post

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François Barrault

Chairman of Idate/DigiWorld Institute; former CEO of BT Global Services and a BT Group PLC board member

You are not smart because you know better than somebody else, you are smart because you share, and young people and the Internet have put us in the sharing economy.

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Patrick de Castelbajac

Head of Airbus Strategy and International

How close are we to urban air mobility and to the dream of flying around? From a technological standpoint, we are not very far.

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Jean-Yves Le Gall

Chair of the ESA Council and President of the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France

There is a strong need to conduct trials, to allow industry to design innovations for autonomous vehicles and to give governments enough data to inform policy decisions and legislation.

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Panelists Debate

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20:30 | Dinner debate

With Patrick Pouyanné, Chairman of the Board and CEO, Total

Thierry de Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

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Patrick Pouyanné

Chairman of the Board and CEO, Total

The first huge effort we thus need to make collectively is an effort to save energy and achieve energy efficiency. We need to avoid consuming energy.

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Debate

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09:00 – 10:30 | Plenary session 8

America and the world one year after Trump’s election

Richard Burt

Managing Director, McLarty Associates, former US Ambassador to Germany

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Juan Gallardo

Chairman, Organización Cultiba SAB de CV, Mexico

Where are we right now in the renegotiations of NAFTA? I think we are facing a great opportunity, and at the same time a great threat.

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Yukio Okamoto

President, Okamoto Associates, Inc., former Special Advisor to two Prime Ministers of Japan

Mr. Trump or the United States’ most serious concern is North Korea, which is the same for Japan. It is our highest national security agenda.

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Ryu Jin Roy

Chairman and CEO, Poongsan Group, Republic of Korea

The good days of an entire family immigrating to America for better lives and opportunities are almost over unless you are qualified with some skill sets and are able to speak English

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Alexander Panov

Member of the Advisory Board of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, Professor and Head of the department of diplomacy of MGIMO

Political dialogue on all levels has almost frozen. If witch hunts continue in the United States I cannot see a possibility of improving bilateral relations.

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Hubert Védrine

Former French Minister of Foreign Affairs

The entire planet reacted very well to Trump’s decision on climate change, saying, “Whatever he does, we will continue honouring the agreement.”

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John Sawers

Former head of the Secret Intelligence Service, United Kingdom

China is now replacing America in many places as the supporter and upholder of public goods, like action against climate change and in support of global trade.

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Debate

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10:30 – 11:00 | Coffee break

11:00 – 12:00 | Plenary session 9

Artificial intelligence and the future of human labor

Ali Aslan

TV host and journalist, Deutsche Welle TV

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Masood Ahmed

President, Center for global Development, former Director, Middle East and Central Asia Department, IMF

Artificial Intelligence is happening, and it is coming much faster than we anticipated.

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Mari Kiviniemi

Deputy Secretary-General, OECD; Former Prime Minister of Finland

When it comes to the basics of elementary education, people need a mix of strong cognitive and soft skills, to complement their ICT skills.

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Holger Mey

Vice President, Advanced Concepts, Airbus

Once we start with automation and autonomous systems we automatically run into liability problems.

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Patrick Nicolet

Group Executive Board Member, Capgemini

The way we look at the world compared to the past is fundamentally different and the type of work organisation will be completely distributed, so the hierarchical, social model, none of our institutions are geared to address these elements.

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Debate

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12:00 – 13:15 | Plenary session 10

The future of trade and international investments

Nicolas Barré

Managing Director, Les Echos

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Marcus Noland

Executive Vice President and Director of Studies, Peterson Institute for International Economics

The real threat is the interaction between the macro policy and the trade policy.

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Bark Taeho

President, Lee&Ko Global Commerce Institute, former Minister for Trade, Republic of Korea

There seems to be a growing consensus about the need to help all citizens share the opportunities and benefits of trade liberalisation.

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Francis Gurry

Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

The vacuum that is being left by the policies of the current Trump administration is creating an opportunity for many countries to move into the space, and in particular China.

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Stefan Mair

Member of the Executive Board, Federation of German Industries (BDI)

There is no alternative to resort to global governance, even if it means weakening national sovereignty. We have to strengthen supranational governance in the European Union.

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Yi Xiaozhun

Deputy Director-General, WTO

We must be aware that many people feel disconnected from economic progress and attitudes towards trade and globalisation have hardened recently.

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Debate

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13:30 – 15:00 | Lunch debate

With Ahmet Davutoglu, Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey

Thierry De Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

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Ahmet Davutoglu

Former Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey

We need integrity, inclusivity, institutionalisation, interest optimisation and implementation of decisions.

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Debate

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15:15 – 18:15 | Parallel workshops

Workshop #1 – Finance and economy

John Lipsky

Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Institute at Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS); former First Deputy Managing Director, IMF

Despite the good news, US business investment has remained relatively weak, which explains the slow productivity growth that has been accompanied, despite the low unemployment, by low labour participation.

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Akinari Horii

Special Advisor and a member of the Board of Directors of the Canon Institute for Global Studies, former Assistant Governor of the Bank of Japan

In economics terms, inflation expectation is more adaptive than rational, or more backward looking than forward looking. People have to see actual inflation through their eyes, before they believe that the inflation is reality.

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Bertrand Badré

Founder and CEO, Blue Orange Capital; Former Managing Director, World Bank

For 10 years we were miserable talking about the Eurozone and for once, I think it is okay.

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André Levy-Lang

Former Chairman & CEO of Banque Paribas, Affiliate emeritus professor in Finance at Paris-Dauphine University

I think that France is now realising that it has to take care of itself and not wait for Germany and I think that this is what is going to happen.

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Jeffrey Frieden

Professor of government at Harvard University

I think that one of the unheralded and perhaps unexpected successes of the last 10 years was the extent of multilateral cooperation in the aftermath of the September/October 2008 crisis.

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Raed Charafeddine

First Vice- Governor of the Central Bank of Lebanon

What the Central Bank did was actually stimulating the economy and at the same time, taking the precautions so as not to impact inflation.

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Debate

Old sins cast long shadows and the shadow that Argentina’s restructuring casts on the region and beyond is still quite dark.

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Daniel Daianu

Member of the Board of the Central Bank of Romania; former Finance Minister of Romania

In spite of the efforts to maintain what is called the liberal international order, deep currents are working against it.

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Debate

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Workshop #1 – Finance and economy – Synopsis

Bertrand Badré

Founder and CEO, Blue Orange Capital; Former Managing Director, World Bank

The system needs to think out of the box and is paralysed, because the system does not allow you to think out of the box. How can we move this?

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André Levy-Lang

Former Chairman & CEO of Banque Paribas, Affiliate emeritus professor in Finance at Paris-Dauphine University

I think that there is no bank in Europe that creates a systemic risk. The European banking system is sound, but there is a problem in terms of profitability […] partly because of the vagaries of the capital markets.

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Raed Charafeddine

First Vice- Governor of the Central Bank of Lebanon

What the Central Bank did was actually stimulating the economy and at the same time, taking the precautions so as not to impact inflation.

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Daniel Daianu

Member of the Board of the Central Bank of Romania; former Finance Minister of Romania

Financial innovation goes on and toxic products are put on the market and used, in spite of an allegedly more effective regulation and supervision system.

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Jeffrey Frieden

Professor of government at Harvard University

I worry that, when the next crisis comes, intervention by the major powers, and in particular by the US, will be more destructive than constructive.

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Akinari Horii

Special Advisor and a member of the Board of Directors of the Canon Institute for Global Studies, former Assistant Governor of the Bank of Japan

The dearth of active mangers makes the market prone to herd behavior, which could induce runs in the market when a shock is applied to it.

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John Lipsky

Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Institute at Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS); former First Deputy Managing Director, IMF

The IMF’s lack of an effective crisis prevention instrument remains a systemic weakness that can and should be addressed.

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Workshop #2 – Energy and climate

Nobuo Tanaka

Former Executive Director of the International Energy Agency, Chairman of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation

The energy sector is probably one of the most impacted by the unpredictability or uncertainty of the US policy.

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Olivier Appert

Chairman of the Conseil Français de l’Energie

I will make a non‑politically correct statement by saying that Trump’s energy policy will have no direct impact on the CO2 emissions of the US.

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André Caillé

Director of Junex Inc., former Chairman of the World Energy Council and Deputy Minister of the Environment of Quebec

It is not only the withdrawal from the Paris Accord but also the resurrection of coal fired power plants, supposedly clean, and the retirement of many regulations that could greatly impact US emissions.

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Lee Hye-Min

G20 Sherpa, Ambassador for International Economic Affairs, Republic of Korea

The developing countries led by India and Turkey in particular stress the importance of parallel implementation of the Paris Agreement obligations, which are mitigation, adaptation and climate financing.

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Tatsuo Masuda

Visiting Professor, Nagoya University of Commerce and Business Graduate School, Japan

We should not wait for governments to act, but rather communities, companies and civil societies can do everything.

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Ladislas Paszkiewicz

Senior Vice President Strategy and Climate, Total

The difficulty for us as a corporation is how to supply this energy while at the same time decreasing our carbon footprint, which of course energy has an impact on.

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Friedbert Pflüger

Director, European Centre for Energy and Resource Security, King’s College London

We will continue to need oil for a long time, especially in the developing nations, but gas can be a low-emission partner of renewables in the long run.

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Discussion

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Debate

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Workshop #2 – Energy and climate – Synopsis

Nobuo Tanaka

Former Executive Director of the International Energy Agency, Chairman of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation

To produce a transport revolution, very strong government intervention is necessary.

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Lee Hye-Min

G20 Sherpa, Ambassador for International Economic Affairs, Republic of Korea

The Paris Agreement is irreversible and the global community will move towards its implementation, though the road ahead will be very bumpy.

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Friedbert Pflüger

Director, European Centre for Energy and Resource Security, King’s College London

Politicians tend to set goals for a distant future, in which they cannot be held accountable anymore.

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Olivier Appert

Chairman of the Conseil Français de l’Energie

Trump’s energy policy will have no direct impact on the CO2 emissions of the US.

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André Caillé

Director of Junex Inc., former Chairman of the World Energy Council and Deputy Minister of the Environment of Quebec

Natural gas should be used to replace coal.

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Tatsuo Masuda

Visiting Professor, Nagoya University of Commerce and Business Graduate School, Japan

I think technology is a real game-changer in fighting climate change. Even people’s mindset will change accordingly.

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Ladislas Paszkiewicz

Senior Vice President Strategy and Climate, Total

The difficulty for us as a corporation is how to supply this energy while at the same time decreasing our carbon footprint, which of course energy has an impact on.

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Workshop #3 – China

Park, In-kook

President, Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies (KFAS)

In the wake of 19th Party Congress, what kind of economic reforms will we see? What impact will they have on the world economy?

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Jia Qingguo

Dean of the School of International Studies of Peking University

The message is that you do not have to follow the Western approach in your development. Instead, you can find you own path of development according to your situation.

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Qiao Yide

Vice Chairman & Secretary General, Shanghai Development Research Foundation

The conclusion is that China is moving towards the centre of the world stage. The detail is that we will continue to make a great contribution to the global GDP growth.

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Douglas Paal

Vice President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

There are many more positives in addressing the challenge that China presents to the long-term American presence in the region.

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Richard Cooper

Professor of Economics, Harvard University

These are poor countries west of China; they can use some help, and if China is willing to give the financing, we should applaud it so long as it turns out well.

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Bark Taeho

President, Lee&Ko Global Commerce Institute, former Minister for Trade, Republic of Korea

After the conclusion of the Party Congress, there seems to be an agreement that China’s policy of reform and opening will be continued.

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Yuichi Hosoya

Professor, Department of Political Science, Keio University

Without strong American commitment, I think that Japan has to change a previous strategy for the region, to create something like TPP without the United States.

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Jean-François Copé

Mayor of Meaux, former delegate Minister of the Budget, France

I think that the European Union today is ready, provided it has its own capacity to continue and intensify the structural reforms, to be at a good level to be one of the major partners for China and Asia.

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Debate

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Workshop #3 – China – Synopsis

Douglas Paal

Vice President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

The United States ought to be coming forward with a policy of co‑optation of China’s new desire to be a more responsible stakeholder in the world.

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Park, In-kook

President, Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies (KFAS)

The most critical factor is whether the Trump administration continues to maintain the North Korea challenge as its top priority.

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Bark Taeho

President, Lee&Ko Global Commerce Institute, former Minister for Trade, Republic of Korea

If certain industries enter into the restructuring process, the implementation of the market opening policy may face difficulties and possibly be delayed.

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Richard Cooper

Professor of Economics, Harvard University

These are poor countries west of China; they can use some help, and if China is willing to give the financing, we should applaud it so long as it turns out well.

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Jia Qingguo

Dean of the School of International Studies of Peking University

The principal contradiction facing Chinese society is the contradiction between the unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing need for a better life.

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Qiao Yide

Vice Chairman & Secretary General, Shanghai Development Research Foundation

The Chinese people is still and will remain for a long time, in the initial stages of socialism.

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Yuichi Hosoya

Professor, Department of Political Science, Keio University

It is essential for the Japanese Prime Minister or government to try and invite the United States to come back to the regional order as a leader of this region.

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Jean-François Copé

Mayor of Meaux, former delegate Minister of the Budget, France

Globalisation is changing shape and the “new Silk Road” symbolises this change.

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Workshop #4 – Russia in twenty years

Igor Yurgens

Chairman of the Management Board of the Institute of Contemporary Development, Russia

The fourth industrial will probably make the distances in Russia, that were our curse in many ways, a nonissue.

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Alexander Dynkin

President, Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Russia

If nothing were to happen and Russia were to continue with the growth of an average of 2% a year, what does it mean in the global hierarchy?

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Michel Foucher

Chair of applied Geopolitics at College of World Studies; Former Director of the policy planning staff of the French Foreign Ministry

Russia is certainly one of the countries that took less benefit from globalisation.

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Donald Johnston

Chair of the McCall MacBain Foundation; Former Secretary-General of the OECD

Russia, with its rich human resource base, has the capacity to become once again a major global force in twenty years.

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Yaroslav Lissovolik

Chief Economist, Eurasian Development Bank

A key issue for Russia will be quality rather than quantity. In terms of quantity, Russia is currently one of the highest recipients of labour markets in the world.

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Artem Malgin

Vice-rector for general affairs and corporate relations, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO)

There will be strong growth with Central and Eastern Europe and the Balkans, because now, there are no more emotions when it comes to Russia’s policy towards the Balkans.

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Alexander Panov

Member of the Advisory Board of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, Professor and Head of the department of diplomacy of MGIMO

For Russia and China, if both countries would like to be the leaders of the world, it will be a chance to create a new international order using new international laws.

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Debate

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Workshop #4 – Russia in twenty years – Synopsis

Igor Yurgens

Chairman of the Management Board of the Institute of Contemporary Development, Russia

The fourth industrial will probably make the distances in Russia, that were our curse in many ways, a nonissue.

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Alexander Dynkin

President, Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Russia

The demise of empires almost always brings tectonic shifts in the world order, and it also leaves long‑lasting territorial conflicts.

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Michel Foucher

Chair of applied Geopolitics at College of World Studies; Former Director of the policy planning staff of the French Foreign Ministry

If we are not able to set up a new European order in the next 20 years, a new European concert, we will remain weak in the international sphere and be unable to promote stability in the critical neighbourhood that EU and Russia are sharing.

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Donald Johnston

Chair of the McCall MacBain Foundation; Former Secretary-General of the OECD

Russia, with its rich human resource base, has the capacity to become once again a major global force in twenty years.

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Yaroslav Lissovolik

Chief Economist, Eurasian Development Bank

Russia is doing it together with the European Economic Union, but there are dozens of countries that are waiting in line to forge a free trade area with Russia and its Eurasian partners.

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Artem Malgin

Vice-rector for general affairs and corporate relations, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO)

In 20 years, Russia will be much more self‑centred and self‑concerned, with policy and ambitions made-to-measure.

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Alexander Panov

Member of the Advisory Board of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, Professor and Head of the department of diplomacy of MGIMO

For Russia and China, if both countries would like to be the leaders of the world, it will be a chance to create a new international order using new international laws.

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20:00 – 20:30 | Cocktail

20:30 | Gala Dinner

With Nasser Bourita, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Morocco

Thierry de Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

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Nasser Bourita

Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Morocco

Morocco does not consider itself a “power” (sub-regional, regional or international) but a “hub” of diplomacy, action and ideas for building an imaginative new paradigm.

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08:30 – 09:30 | Reports from parallel workshops

Workshop #1 – Report 1

John Lipsky

Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy Institute at Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS); former First Deputy Managing Director, IMF

Even though in the medium-term there are certainly fundamental issues that need to be faced, the principal risks in the near-term are those stemming from political or geopolitical developments.

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Workshop #2 – Report 2

Nobuo Tanaka

Former Executive Director of the International Energy Agency, Chairman of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation

International coordination is necessary, but private sector efforts will yield a very significant improvement for the future of climate change mitigation.

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Workshop #3 – Report 3

Park, In-kook

President, Korea Foundation for Advanced Studies (KFAS)

In the next five years, China will have more continuity than change in foreign policy, and there will be more of a Xi imprint, and Chinese foreign policy will be more pragmatic.

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Workshop #4 – Report 4

Igor Yurgens

Chairman of the Management Board of the Institute of Contemporary Development, Russia

Negative scenario: in 20 years, we are in a real fight between autocracy and democracy, and positive scenario: we manage to build bridges, to create new ideas, and we make a huge step forward in terms of global governance, of togetherness.

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09:30 – 11:00 | Plenary session 11

The European Union and the world

Ali Aslan

TV host and journalist, Deutsche Welle TV

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Richard Burt

Managing Director, McLarty Associates, former US Ambassador to Germany

We are going through a really crucial and historical change in which the message from Washington to Europe and the EU is now: ‘You are on your own.’

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Steven Erlanger

Chief Diplomatic Correspondent, Europe, New York Times

The Germans are desperate to have a France that is in better shape, partly to share the responsibility and the blame for European leadership, because there is a lot of anti-German feeling in Southern and Eastern Europe.

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Elisabeth Guigou

President of The Anna Lindh Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for the Dialogue Between Cultures, Former Member of Parliament and President of the Commission of Foreign Affairs at the Assemblée nationale, France

But Brexit is also an opportunity for the 27, who, for the moment, have stood united in the negotiations in order to overcome their divisions, agree on their common interests and take their destiny in the global world into their hands.

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Bogdan Klich

Senator, Minority Leader of the Senat, former minister of Defense, Poland

That is why, in this deteriorating environment, we have to do something with our European capabilities in the sphere of security and defence. It means that Europe should take more responsibility for its own security.

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Michael Lothian

Former Member of Parliament, United Kingdom

One of the keys to the change we are seeing around us in the world is the growth in anti‑establishment feeling.

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Yukio Okamoto

President, Okamoto Associates, Inc., former Special Advisor to two Prime Ministers of Japan

Who in the world can we partner with? There is only the EU. The EU is the best partner for Japan in this new campaign.

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Debate

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11:00 – 11:30 | Plenary session 12

With Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj, Former President of Mongolia

Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj

Former President of Mongolia

We are really proud of our history, we are really proud of our present state, and Mongolia is the only liberal political and economic establishment since 1990 in the region.

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Debate

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11:30 – 12:30 | Plenary session 13

The development of Africa

Sean Cleary

Founder and Executive Vice-Chairman of the FutureWorld Foundation and Chairman of Strategic Concepts (Pty) Ltd, South Africa

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Nizar Baraka

Chairman, Economic, Social and Environmental Council (CESE)

How to integrate our entire continent? (…) I believe that this is the real bold move that will enable us to enjoy endogenous growth, growth that carries Africa, and that will truly make Africa the master of its fate, looking ahead to a time of involvement and integration with its partners.

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Cheikh Tidiane Gadio

President of the Institute for Pan-African Strategies (IPS), Former Foreign Minister of Senegal

For Africans and their friends, it is time for a change in paradigm; it is time to reflect again on how to save this continent.

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Aminata Touré

Former Prime Minister of Senegal

We also need to build solidarity, to tackle challenges such as corruption, terrorism, illegal migration, climate change impact, and solidarity in sharing progress.

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Lionel Zinsou

Co-President of the Fondation AfricaFrance, Former Prime Minister of Benin, Former President, PAI Partners

We have no economic suspense, but we have a political and social suspense, because our model does not resolve any of our social problems on its own, unless we design policies that are extremely well-suited to this very particular constraint.

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Debate

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13:00 – 14:30 | Lunch debate

With Aziz Mekouar, Ambassador of Morocco, in charge of the negotiations on climate

Thierry de Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

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Aziz Mekouar

Ambassador of Morocco, in charge of the negotiations on climate

If you look at all the decisions taken by many countries, especially China, but also in Norway and other countries (…), we see a lot happening in terms of research, in terms of science, and in terms of transforming science into implementation.

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Debate

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15:00 – 16:30 | Plenary session 14

Security in Asia

Marcus Noland

Executive Vice President and Director of Studies, Peterson Institute for International Economics

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Yim Sung-Joon

Senior Advisor at Lee International IP & Law Group; Former Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and National Security Advisor to the President, Republic of Korea

Continuation of stringent sanctions on North Korea plus extended US deterrence and show of strength would be the best option to deter North Korean provocation.

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Yuichi Hosoya

Professor, Department of Political Science, Keio University

The Japanese strategy is, of course, to avoid war but, at the same time to try to denuclearise North Korea.

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Jia Qingguo

Professor and Dean of the School of International Studies of Peking University

The good news is that President Xi and President Trump seem to have gotten along with each other so far, it is quite impressive that these two strong characters find each other worthy of respect.

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Michael Yeoh

Founder & CEO of the Asian Strategy and Leadership Institute (ASLI)

We need to have more intelligence sharing among countries in Asia because that is so important in the fight against terrorism.

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Jusuf Wanandi

Co-founder, Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees and Senior Fellow of the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Foundation, Indonesia

On the one hand the rise of China, and especially with President Xi Jinping’s strong leadership, and on the other the election of President Trump, with his capriciousness, have created many uncertainties for us, because we cannot follow his thinking and where he would like to go.

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Mayankote Kelath Narayanan

Former Governor of West Bengal, The Raj Bhavan, India

Afghanistan may be in South Asia, but I think it is the heart of Asia.

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Debate

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16:30 – 17:45 | Plenary session 15

Young Leaders session

Patrick Nicolet

Group Executive Board member, Capgemini

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Natalie Cartwright

Co-founder of Finn.ai

I think AI is going to bring amazing changes. Our challenge is how we build governance structures, policies, and systems that are as nimble, innovative, and equitable as the companies they will support.

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Edouard Nattée

Founder and CEO of Fox Intelligence

Transparency and accountability are the only way towards change. Starting by setting transparency as the default mode, while always protecting privacy and personal information, is the first step any leader should take.

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Allen Ali Mohammadi

Co-founder, Hippogriff AB

We are living in a time where we have access to advanced technologies and high‑quality infrastructure that can empower us to tackle the challenges we are facing.

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Arthur Stril

Co-founder, Zinc

We are on the cusp of a healthcare revolution and that there is truly a time, which is now, where healthcare is going to profoundly change, especially in the way it is delivered.

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Aurélien Billot

Head of the Commercial and development policies Unit at the General Secretariat for European Affairs, France

In this thriving environment, we need an entity with democratic ownership that can address these issues of data governance, of access versus security, and of a level playing field, and I think that the EU has a chance here and could help fill this gap for all of us.

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Debate

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17:45 – 19:45 | Plenary session 16

The state of the world

Jim Hoagland

Contributing Editor, The Washington Post

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Assia Bensalah Alaoui

Ambassador-at-large of HM the King of Morocco

It is clear that if you do not give people the chance to take up real issues in their societies, you do not provide the sustainable foundation for security. That is what we are trying to do in Morocco, thanks to the ambitious democratisation programme.

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Kriengsak Chareonwongsak

Former Prime Ministerial Advisor of Thailand, Senior Fellow Harvard University and Chairman, Nation-Building Institute

There is a need for revolution coming that will change the entire architecture of the new global order so that economic, political, and social paradigms will be shifted and changed because today we experience a broken world that we cannot repair.

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Ju Chul Ki

President of the Overseas Koreans Foundation, Former Senior Secretary for Foreign Affairs and National Security, Office of the President of the Republic of Korea

It is my view that the Iranian nuclear deal should be upheld. It would be very difficult to envisage another solution. I hope, personally, that the US Congress will take some decision on this matter.

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Ashwani Kumar

Senior Advocate Supreme Court; Former Union Minister for Law & Justice, India

We are all individually and collectively duty bound – not once, not twice, but over and over again, to repeat what we believe is right because as Dante cautioned us – the hottest places in hell, said Dante, are reserved for those who in period of moral crises, which we face today, preserve their neutrality.

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Mona Makram Ebeid

Egyptian Senator, Distinguished Lecturer, Political Science Department, American University in Cairo

The corollary to the growing influence of the security establishment has been the neutralizing of civilian politics. Civil society is under relentless pressure and its activities have been severely curtailed.

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Fathallah Oualalou

Former Minister of Economy and Finance, Morocco

From the torment between this globalised present and the depths of culture and history, we must move on to managing coexistence between modernity, globalisation, and the depths of historical and cultural specificity.

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Meir Sheetrit

Member of Parliament, Israel

I believe the only solution to reach peace with the Middle East is through what we call the Saudi Initiative, or the Arab Peace Initiative.

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Yukari Niwa Yamashita

Board Member, Director, The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ)

I believe that we do not need more signatures on a piece of paper, but we need far more conviction and actions.

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19:45 | Envoi

Thierry de Montbrial

Founder and Chairman of the World Policy Conference

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